Our weekly take on some of the biggest stories in startup and tech policy.
Patent Lawsuits Up in 2015, Trolls in the Lead. Surprise, surprise! The latest numbers are out, proving that patent litigation is still out of control and patent trolling is indeed a real problem. Unified Patents’ latest breakdown of data indicates that 2015 saw the second highest number of patent cases ever (nearly 5,800 cases filed). Further, non-practicing entities (or NPEs, aka, trolls) filed two-thirds of them, largely in the Eastern District of Texas, a judicial district notorious for its friendliness to patent trolls. Additionally, 64 percent of patent litigation in 2015 occurred in the high-tech sector and NPEs were involved in over 88 percent of these high-tech cases, a 10 percent increase over 2014. Until the patent system is fixed, the trolling problem evidently isn’t going anywhere.
Net Neutrality Kerfuffle Over T-Mobile’s “BingeOn” Program: Recent reports about T-Mobile's treatment of streaming video services has many net neutrality advocates up in arms. Its latest offering, BingeOn, has actually avoided most of the criticism typically directed towards so-called "zero rating" programs. With BingeOn, T-Mobile allows any video provider to participate for free, thus skirting net neutrality rules that bar preferential data treatment for some paying companies. However, apparently, T-Mobile has been throttling (or, from T-Mobile's perspective "optimizing") all streaming video its users consume, not just streams from companies participating in BingeOn. Throttling lowers the data consumption associated with watching a video, but also diminishes video quality. Because the FCC's net neutrality rules essentially ban throttling, it's possible that the FCC could find T-Mobile in violation of its Open Internet Order. T-Mobile points out that users can opt out of BingeOn and the associated video throttling, but critics note that T-Mobile makes opting out excessively difficult. While FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler has praised similar offerings from T-Mobile in the past, BingeOn raises difficult questions about the application of the Open Internet Order that the FCC will need to resolve.
Drone Registration Challenged in Court. In December, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) announced new rules requiring the registration of recreational drones. According to data released by the FAA this week, over 181,000 drones have been registered since the registration site went live just three weeks ago. But not everyone is keen on registering their brand new toy. Some stakeholders have criticized the rules as being burdensome and unnecessary, while others have raised concerns around the public availability of registry data. And now a Maryland “model aircraft hobbyist” has sued the agency over the contentious rules, arguing that the registration requirement violates a federal law that prohibits the FAA from regulating recreational drones. The court has denied his request to immediately halt registration.
#CES2016. The annual Consumer Electronics Show takes over Las Vegas this week and along with the new electric cars and Ultra HD TVs, policymakers and government officials are also taking the stage. In fact, it was at last year's CES that FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler first indicated the agency's support for net neutrality. We don't expect any news of that nature, but this week FTC leadership told conference-goers the commission is close to striking a data-transfer deal for U.S. tech companies with its EU counterparts and FAA officials discussed new recreational drone requirements. USPTO Director Michelle Lee and Rep. Darrell Issa (R-CA) talked patent reform and Sen. Mark Warner (D-VA) made a showing, addressing policy challenges facing both government and emerging gig-economy startups as did . The new technologies unveiled at CES—virtual reality devices, autonomous cars, and other smart, connected tools—also offer a preview of new tech policy challenges to come.
The State of Female Founders. CrunchBase released their latest data on women-founded companies, illustrating that there is still a long way to go for gender parity among startup founders. Though 18 percent of companies that received seed funding in 2015 have at least one female founder, only 8 percent companies that received seed funding have at least one female founder CEO. For companies that received Series A and B funding in 2015, these numbers drop to 14 percent and 5 percent, respectively. The numbers may seem dismal, but this is a strong improvement from 2014, when only 10 percent of founders raising Series A rounds were women.