Our weekly take on some of the biggest stories in startup and tech policy.
Safe Harbor Agreement Nears Deadline. With a January 31st deadline looming, there is more pressure than ever for the U.S. and EU to wrap up negotiations around a “Safe Harbor 2.0” agreement. In a letter sent to U.S. and EU leaders last Friday, industry stakeholders emphasized that “the consequences could be enormous for the thousands of businesses and millions of users impacted” if a deal is not reached. But another setback came this week when the Senate Judiciary Committee postponed consideration of the Judicial Redress Act. The bill, which would extend rights to judicial redress to citizens of the EU and other designated countries, is seen as essential to advancing an updated safe harbor agreement. This delay makes it even less likely that a deal will be reached in time, the ramifications of which could disproportionately impact startups.
Another Proposal to Weaken Encryption. Another week, another misguided state bill seeking to weaken encryption. The legislation comes from a California Assemblymember whose proposal would prohibit the sale of smartphones in the state with unbreakable encryption. A similar New York bill requiring a “backdoor” for encrypted technologies was covered in last week's digest. In an opinion piece, Christian Dawson of the i2Coalition does a good job breaking down why policies like these would stifle the Internet economy. He writes, “If the U.S. government were to institutionalize backdoors, it would be a heavy burden to businesses, and an operational lift that would likely force a large number of small companies to shut their doors.” We couldn’t agree more.
Verizon Joins the Zero Rating Crowd. Tuesday morning, Verizon announced a new sponsored data program, FreeBee Data, renewing debate around “zero rating” programs and whether they violate net neutrality principles. Under the FreeBee program, content providers have the option to pay Verizon a fee to exempt their content from customers’ monthly data caps. Verizon is the third wireless provider to offer a cap-exempt data program—AT&T has been running a similar sponsored data program since 2014 and T-Mobile has its own video-specific service, BingeOn (which has come under intense fire in recent weeks). The FCC’s Open Internet rules don’t explicitly outlaw “zero rating” programs, but the agency reviews them on a case-by-case basis whether the service harms consumers or businesses. They recently requested meetings with both AT&T and T-Mobile on their programs, and have said that they were notified by Verizon about FreeBee. We’re tracking.
A Grim Outlook for Startup Financing? Recent turbulence in the global stock market may have an impact on 2016 startup financing, the Washington Post reported this week. Volatility in the public markets has many investors considering whether some growing tech startups have been overvalued, a concern that's "likely to trigger a wider pause, denying funds for the innovators that disrupt industries and create new markets." Not good. And while 2015 was a banner year for VC investment, with $72.3 billion going into venture-backed companies in the U.S., (the highest since the dot-com boom), activity slowed by the fourth quarter, suggesting changing investor sentiment. Further, tech IPOs were significantly down in 2015 as companies are treading cautiously into the public markets. 2016 may prove to be an especially important year for policy that promotes greater capital access.
VC Sets New Diversity Standards. Kapor Capital, a longtime leader in its commitment to diversity in the tech industry, announced a new set of standards for its portfolio companies this week. TechCrunch calls it a “a four-part roadmap for startups to foster diverse and inclusive cultures early on.” This commitment will soon become one of the terms in all Kapor’s future investment agreements. Portfolio companies will be required to establish diversity and inclusion goals, invest in tools and resources that assist in mitigating bias, organize volunteer opportunities for employees, and participate in Kapor’s diversity and inclusion workshops. Way to put their money where their mouth is!